< Last Photo   << Last Chapter                Notes on the Geography of Places: Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah         Next Chapter >>   Next Photo > 
 

Notes on the Geography of Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah

Itimad-ud-Daulah is not a man's name. It's a title: Lord of the Treasury. The man was Mirza Ghiyar, father of Nur Jehan, who was Jehangir's wife and grandfather of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan's wife. The tomb was built by Nur Jahan, who herself is buried near Jahangir in Lahore.

Make default image size larger

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 1

The entrance gate. Beyond is a square enclosure laid out in four quarters, with gates approximately like this one at each side and with the tomb proper at the center.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 2

Marble inlaid in sandstone.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 3

The white marble mausoleum. Water no longer runs in the channel. Unlike the Chini-ka-Razah shown in the next folder, this tomb fuses Persian and Indian elements.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 4

Each side has three entrances, though the side ones are blocked with jalis, or carved screens.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 5

A view from the southwest corner, with the entrance gate on the right. Now that you've had a moment to form your own opinion, here's James Fergusson, always opinionated and often shrewdly so: "The towers, however, are rather squat in proportion, and the general design of the building very far from being so pleasing as that of many less pretentious tombs in the neighborhood. Had it, indeed, been built in red sandstone, or even with an inlay of white marble like that of Humayun, it would not have attracted much attention. Its real merit consists of being wholly in white marble, and being covered through with a mosaic in 'pietra dura'--the first, apparently, and certainly one of the most splendid, examples of that class of ornamentation in India." (vol. 2, p. 306)

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 6

Close-up of a jali with surrounding inlay.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 7

There are several tombs in the building. The two here at the center are of Mirza Ghiyar and his wife, Asmat Begum. Her cenotaph, though slightly smaller, is at the precise center.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 8

A view capturing the walls and ceiling decoration.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 9

The dome.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 10

The floor.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 11

This is the fourth gate, not actually a gate but a pavilion overlooking the Yumuna RIver.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 12

Closer.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 13

Waterside.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 14

Jali.

Northern India: Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah picture 15

Roof brackets. That's Agra across the river, the Taj is downstream on that side just a bit.


www.greatmirror.com Web   
 

* Australia * Austria * Bangladesh * Belgium * Botswana * Brazil * Burma / Myanmar * Cambodia (Angkor) * Canada (B.C.) * China * The Czech Republic * Egypt * Fiji * France * Germany * Ghana * Greece * Hungary * India: Themes * Northern India * Peninsular India * Indonesia * Israel * Italy * Japan * Jerusalem * Jordan * Kenya * Laos * Kosovo * Malawi * Malaysia * Mauritius * Mexico * Morocco * Mozambique * Namibia * The Netherlands * New Zealand * Nigeria * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * The Philippines * Poland * Portugal * Senegal * Singapore * South Africa * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Syria (Aleppo) * Tanzania * Thailand * Trinidad * Turkey (Istanbul) * Uganda * The U.A.E. (Dubai) * The United Kingdom * The Eastern United States * The Western United States * Oklahoma * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * The West Bank * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe *
go back to previous picture go to next chapter go to next picture go to previous chapter page