Notes on the Geography of Brazil: Manaus 30 Years Later: Photo 57
Decree 228 of 1967 established both the FZM (Zona Franca de Manaus) and the administrative body SUFRAMA. The idea was to encourage investment in assembly plants making things with parts admitted duty-free and then either exported without duty or sold domestically without sales tax. By 1975 140 projects had been approved; by 1991, 811. Some weren't built, but by 1991 the city had 150,000 factory workers, some in the original Industrial District near this office but half scattered around other parts of the city and region. A severe recession in 1991 cut those numbers in half, but the blow was temporary. That was the good news. The bad was that about two-thirds of the jobs were held by young women working at low wages.
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