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Notes on the Geography of Greece: Modern Athens: Photo 1

world pictures Greece: Modern Athens

Shortly after 1900, the city had grown to 175,000 people, more than four times its population at independence. The city changed profoundly during those 70 years. The area immediately north of the Acropolis has the crazy-quilt street pattern bequeathed by the Turks, but farther to the north lie new, gridded streets, including the axis seen here of the street called Eolou (or farther to the north, Patission). The plan for the new city was the work largely of Gustav Eduard Schaubert and Stamatios Kleanthese, both of whom were pupils of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, master planner of Berlin. The two had hoped to build Otto's palace along Eolou so the monarch would have a commanding view of the Acropolis. The street was cut, the view obtained, but the palace was shifted eastward, leaving little of the planner's ideas except the street network.

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