Notes on the Geography of The United Kingdom: London 9: East End: Photo 13
Triligual, with Urdu added. The name Toynbee Street is a reminder of yet another philanthropy, Toynbee Hall, which opened in 1884 and was named not for the Oxford historian Arnold Toynbee (1852-83) but for his uncle, Arnold J. Toynbee. The Hall was an effort to teach England's elite about the Other Half. As Disraeli had written in Sybil (1845), in England there were "two nations: between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other's habits, thoughts, and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by different breeding, are fed by a different food, are ordered by different manners, and are not governed by the same laws." By having the elite live among the poor, the founders of Toynbee Hall hoped to bridge the gap. And who were the founders? None other than the same Samuel Barnett who, with his wife, would later fund the Whitechapel Art Gallery.
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