< Last Photo   << Last Chapter                Notes on the Geography of Places: The Western United States: Grass Valley, Nevada City, and Downieville         Next Chapter >>   Next Photo > 

Notes on the Geography of The Western United States: Grass Valley, Nevada City, and Downieville: Photo 6

world pictures The Western United States: Grass Valley, Nevada City, and Downieville

Gold production started out with surface diggings north of town but soon turned to deep mining. Here: an over-the-fence peek at a miner's mansion: the Bourne Mansion of 1897. Designed by Willis Polk, it was built with waste rock from the nearby Empire Mine. The mine, which operated from 1850 until 1956 (barring a government-ordered closure during World War II), produced about 32,000 tons of gold--enough to form a cube about 7 feet square, and the Bourne family owned it from 1869 until 1929. Bourne senior, who died in 1876, was a San Francisco capitalist of the first order--owner of the Spring Valley Water Company and San Francisco Gas Company. It was his son, Bourne junior, who made the mine a world-class producer, with tunnels reaching a mile below the surface. Still, the stamp mill was so noisy that even Bourne didn't like living here and spent most of his time at Filoli, a mansion at the south end of the Crystal Springs lakes, south of San Francisco. Filoli was sold in 1936 to William Roth of the Matson Lines and in 1975 became a National Trust site. Meanwhile, between 1929 and 1956 the Empire mine belonged to Newmont Mining, today the world's biggest gold producer. The Empire was Newmont's first producing mine.

View: tiny * small * medium * big * biggest Photo Size

Back to The Western United States: Grass Valley, Nevada City, and Downieville chapter

Short link for this page: http://www.greatmirror.com?justpic=17576

* Argentina * Australia * Austria * Bangladesh * Belgium * Botswana * Brazil * Burma / Myanmar * Cambodia (Angkor) * Canada (B.C.) * China * The Czech Republic * Egypt * Fiji * France * Germany * Ghana * Greece * Guyana * Hungary * India: Themes * Northern India * Peninsular India * Indonesia * Israel * Italy * Japan * Jerusalem * Jordan * Kenya * Laos * Kosovo * Malawi * Malaysia * Mauritius * Mexico * Micronesia (Pohnpei) * Morocco * Mozambique * Namibia * The Netherlands * New Zealand * Nigeria * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Peru * The Philippines * Poland * Portugal * Romania (Transylvania) * Senegal * Singapore * South Africa * South Korea * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Syria (Aleppo) * Tanzania * Thailand * Trinidad * Turkey (Istanbul) * Uganda * The U.A.E. (Dubai) * The United Kingdom * The Eastern United States * The Western United States * Oklahoma * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * The West Bank * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe *
go back to previous picture go to next chapter go to next picture go to previous chapter page