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Notes on the Geography of Peninsular India: Panaji: Photo 1

world pictures Peninsular India: Panaji

The site of Panaji had been used as a fort by the Bijapur sultans, and the old fort was improved by the Portuguese. Ships continued to anchor there, too, before venturing the last few miles up the Mandovi River to the great city. The overland journey between the two settlements was difficult until the swamps just upstream from Panaji were crossed by this 9,500-foot Causeway of Ribandar. The view is upstream, or eastward toward the village of Ribandar and, beyond it, Old Goa. An inscription read (and perhaps still reads if it can be found): "During the reign of His Majesty the Catholic King Dom Filippe III, Our Lord, and the government of the Viceroy Dom Miguel de Noronha, Count of Linhares, the city ordered this bridge to be erected out of the money of one per cent., and it was begun in the year 633, and finished in the year 634." That would be 1633 and 1644. (The translation here is from José Nicola da Fonseca, An Historical and Archaeological Sketch of the City of Goa, 1878, p. 331.)

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