Notes on the Geography of Peninsular India: Ajanta: Photo 28
We've jumped to the third chaitya, Cave 19. Yes, yes, we'll go back and look inside 9 and 10 later. Right now, I just want to notice the contrast between the relatively austere faces of Caves 9 and 10 and the overloaded facades of the later chaityas, Caves 19 and 26.
This one, Cave 19, was paid for, at least initially, by Upendragupta, a local sub-king under Harisena. A rival power, the Asmakas took over in 472 but had to quit the site in 479. This was a Mahayana facade, designed unlike Cave 9 and 10 to include statues, but with the retreat of the Asmakas, small donors moved in and added images on the frames and pilasters.
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