Notes on the Geography of Spain: Toledo: Photo 41
Tourists lured by the famous Alcazar will be disappointed by what one historian calls "one of the most unfortunate and ill-fated buildings in the history of Spain." (Fernando Goitia, Toledo and Madrid, 1972, p. 138). Charles V had rebuilt the ancient Roman and Muslim fortress and had intended to make it his primary residence. His taste ran to rigid symmetry, and so the building was designed by Covarrubias with a square courtyard surrounded by a square building with identical corner towers. The Alcazar was destroyed in 1710, however, during the War of the Spanish Succession. It was rebuilt, then destroyed by the French in 1810. It was rebuilt by 1857, only to be burned and rebuilt a third time. It was then destroyed in a siege during the Spanish civil war. The present building is the fifth since the Emperor Charles.
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