Notes on the Geography of India Themes: Plaques and Statues
Unlike some other countries that have systematically scratched away the ceremonial relics of empire, India tolerates them in superabundance.
This copy of the Allahabad Proclamation, which marked the end of rule by the East India Company, is fixed along the Kingsway (now Rajpath), the processional avenue to the Viceroy's Palace in Delhi. Queen Victoria instructed the author to adopt a magnanimous tone despite the bitter memory of the just-quelled Mutiny. The text formerly appeared on a monument at Allahabad, but it has been removed from its column there, which now stands blank and cryptic.
Thanks to Disraeli, Victoria became Empress of India in 1877. Hence the letters VRI (Victoria Regina Imperatrix), which appear on many public works constructed across the British Empire late in the 19th century.
Along the approach to the viceroy's palace in Delhi. Baker had designed the grand buildings of Pretoria, but his partnership with Lutyens became a disaster when Lutyens realized that a gentle but steady grade blocks the view of the viceroy's palace for anyone approaching along the processional way.
More practical work: a plaque at the Agra Canal headworks at Okhla, south of Delhi. The water flows a hundred miles to the south. The initials K.C.S.I stand for Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India, a heavyweight honor, close to the top of the chart.
Dedicatory inscription at the Imperial Agricultural Research Institute (now the Indian A.R.I) on the west side of Delhi. The institution was founded north of Patna at a place so difficult to get to that an earthquake that damaged the building in the 1920s was welcomed as an opportunity to move the institution to Delhi. The original institute was called the Pusa Institute in honor of Henry Phipps of Pittsburgh, U.S.A., whose gift paid for it.
Farther afield: Machilipatnam, as it is usually transcribed now, has been the scene of many terrific storms driving huge waves onto the coast. Here, near the town, a ruined monument to one British officer who dealt with the consequences of such a storm of the 1860s.
From the wall of the immense Coles Memorial Baptist church, built by American missionaries at Kurnool, between Hyderabad and Bangalore.
From Secunderabad, adjacent to Hyderabad. Ross won the Nobel Prize for this discovery. Mosquitoes themselves are still superabundant in the neighborhood and alight by the hundred on interior walls.
What to do with all those statues? At Lucknow they've been gathered up and stashed behind the museum, where they are caught for all time in an interminable tea party. On horseback, Governor Hailey waves to Victoria and several versions of her son Edward.
A cathedral tower rises from a ridge in North Delhi. Odd place for a cathedral, but it's a tip-off. No cathedral this.
We've walked up Rani Jhansi Road from the Delhi Metro station where the last picture was taken.
The sign explains that this is the Mutiny Memorial, renamed Ajitgarh, "invincible fort" in 1972.
A plaque rewrites the history inscribed in 1863 by the British.
One of those plaques.
Close-up. The interior staircase is no longer open to visitors.
* Argentina * Australia * Austria * Bangladesh * Belgium * Botswana * Brazil * Burma / Myanmar * Cambodia (Angkor) * Canada (B.C.) * China * The Czech Republic * Egypt * Fiji * France * Germany * Ghana * Greece * Hungary * India: Themes * Northern India * Peninsular India * Indonesia * Israel * Italy * Japan * Jerusalem * Jordan * Kenya * Laos * Kosovo * Malawi * Malaysia * Mauritius * Mexico * Micronesia (Pohnpei) * Morocco * Mozambique * Namibia * The Netherlands * New Zealand * Nigeria * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Peru * The Philippines * Poland * Portugal * Romania (Transylvania) * Senegal * Singapore * South Africa * South Korea * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Syria (Aleppo) * Tanzania * Thailand * Trinidad * Turkey (Istanbul) * Uganda * The U.A.E. (Dubai) * The United Kingdom * The Eastern United States * The Western United States * Oklahoma * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * The West Bank * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe *