Notes on the Geography of Peninsular India: Sanchi: Photo 8
The east side. The stupa was abandoned in the 12th century and discovered by the British in 1818. The south gateway had fallen over, but the others were standing, even though their foundations had been poorly designed by builders who were used to working in wood, not stone. A British officer deliberately breached the southwest side of the stupa in 1822 and managed in the process to knock over the west gateway. So things remained until Napoleon III in 1869 asked if he could have one of the gateways. The British declined and in 1881 repaired the stupa; by 1883 the fallen gateways were again upright. Unfortunately, the British reassembled the parts incorrectly, so to this day the front and back sides of the architraves of the south and west gateways are garbled. The British also made a hash of the stupa. Marshall--the same who would later write tomes on the subject--worked at the site from 1912 and 1919 and completely rebuilt the southwestern third of it. He also restored the medhi, or elevated terrace.
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